Stock Ref: AST 1922

A good example of a very rare and scarce sword to the Royal Chester Militia with original scabbard by Thomas Gill

81cm (32”( straight single fullered blade with flat back and spear point. The blade is single edged except for the last 5”. The blade originally had a blued finish. The blade is decorated on one side with the crowned royal cypher for George III, a trophy of arms, foliate designs and the inscription ‘Warranted never to fail’. On the other a crown, a trophy of arms, foliate designs and the initials of the owner R.C.M and the makers name.

Steel hilt with forward guard and D shaped stirrup, stepped cushion pommel with prominent facetted tang button. Ridged stained bone* grip with cigar band with oval discs on both sides engraved with a crowned C in a garter containing the royal motto. Sword knot ring.

Maker: Thomas Gill, Birmingham (traded from Jennons Row, and  Masshouse Lane, Bartholemew Chapel, Birmingham between 1783 – 1801)

Dated: 1786 – 1796

Black leather scabbard with steel fittings, two loose rings and a sword frog button.

The sword and scabbard are general in good condition for their age. The blade has some minor old rust damage along the edges and there is staining. The original bluing is now very faint and has been lost on the reverse. The engravings remain clear. The hilt is in good order and firm on the tang. The steel has a grey patina but no rust damage. The grip is in good order there is one spilt. The scabbard is in reasonable condition given its age. The leather is fragile and has cracked near the locket and there is a crease mark towards the chape. The stitching remains good. One loose ring has been replaced.

The Royal Chester local Milita appears to have been formed in c1770 when the first Muster records are dated. It continued through to the 1820’s. The records are held in the Cheshire and Chester Archives and local research may be able to determine who R C M was and when he served.


The grip is we believe made of carved bone or marine rather than elephant ivory. The bone is in the form of a carved outer casing over a wooden former, which in turn surrounds the tang. Under the proposed Legislation on Ivory products within the UK this item would be exempt under the de-minimis or 10% rule as it predates 1947. 

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