Stock Ref: AST 1895

SUMMER SALE - Price reduction to £1450.00 from £1650.00

A very interesting 1796 pattern sword with extensive engravings to the blade including possibly Masonic and links to the Turney family

80cm (31.5”) heavy curved single fullered blade with flat back and hatchet point. The broad fuller on this example ending some 13cm (5”) from the point. The blade is heavily engraved on both sides of the blade to the end of the fuller. On one side there is the crowned royal cypher for George III, classical figures, including a seated Britannia next to a brick Tower and a winged Victory. Stylised pineapples, a helmeted figure and extensive foliate designs. On the other side is the Royal Coat of Arms – 1714-1800, a classical figure possibly the Virgin and the Child, Christ and a cross, and an angel. The motto In Hoc Signo Vinces ("In this sign you will conquer"), and extensive foliate designs. On both sides is the masonic eye. The blade has been sharpened.

Stirrup hilt with rearward quillon and two large langets, steel back piece secured by two small ears. Domed pommel. Horn grip.

Maker: Not known (The design of the blade suggests that this may be by Woolley or Osborn)

Dated: 1796 – 1812

Black leather scabbard with brass locket with single stud and brass chape.

The sword and scabbard are in good condition for their age and service use. The blade has suffered from earlier rust which has left some minor areas of pitting. There is some feathering along the edge from previous sharpening. The engravings have been rubbed in places especially towards the hilt, however, much of the original design remains visible. The hilt is in good condition and firm on the tang. The stirrup has light pitting and the  back piece is stained. There is a small chip in the horn by one of the ears. There is no evidence that there was ever wire bindings. The scabbard is in good condition. Some of the stiching has gone at the back and there is some cracking. The locket has a repair to the back.

The motto ‘In Hoc Signo Vinces’ ("In this sign you will conquer") is interesting. Since 1143 it has been the motto of Portugal. It is linked to Constantine I and an apparition of a cross – which also appears on this sword. A number of families have used the motto including the Irish O’Donnells, Brenans,and Taaffes. The Colvins and the Turney’s. Interestingly the Turneys crest also includes a brick castle.  The motto is also linked to the Knights Templars and to the Masonic Order and it is significant that the Masonic eye is on both sides of the blade.

Further research is needed into this interesting sword,

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